Month: February 2021

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  • Click theย OK button (2) to use the brand new settings and shut the VCS Preferences window.
  • Run Viber (Desktop model), login for your account.
  • Click Tools menu (1)>> make a choice Option… (2) to open the Viber Settings conversation field.
Audio settings of Viber
  • In the Viber Settings conversation field, make a choice Audio & Video (3).
  • In the Audio Input segment, make a choice Microphone (Avsoft Virtual Audio Device) in your microphone (4).
Audio settings of Viber
  • Clickย OK (5).
  • From now on, Avsoft Virtual Audio Device is the primary audio motive force identified by means of Viber.
  • Go to VCSD 9.5 major panel, make a choice the morphing results, and make changes till you might be happy with the vocal output. There are a number of tactics to switch your voice, together with voice morphing and audio results.
  • You must learn this information for extra in-depth data: How to make use of Voice Morpher in VCSD 9.5.

Note: Remember to make a choice the packs used for VCSD 9.5 handiest. The different ones which carried out for different merchandise can’t be used for VCSD 9.5.

Start voice dialog with Viber and your new voice.

Note: While VCSD Virtual Audio Driver is being set because the audio motive force for Viber, do NOT flip off VCSD 9.5 when doing voice chat. If you donโ€™t wish to use VCSD 9.5, trade the audio settings of Viber again to commonplace audio supply.

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exchange server edb recovery tool

SysTools Exchange Recovery software is been rated with a Silver Award on this web page and the evaluate used to be up to date by means of one of the vital valued MVP within the Exchange business, Nuno Mota โ€“ the foremost reason why that seize my consideration in opposition to the evaluate of Exchange Server EDB Recovery software.

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Exchange Recovery- Header

Working as an Exchange administrator in a reputed company demanding situations my Exchange upkeep ability each new time and with a purpose to be up to date with the brand new merchandise and excellent answers really helpful by means of MVPsโ€™ and different business mavens I apply them via their information updates and technical blogs. Recently got here throughout via one web page maintained by means of admin:

Through the write-up and screenshots supplied by means of Nuno Mota, I felt this software value downloading to the Exchange server upkeep software package that an Exchange server administrator like me raise throughout the paintings surroundings, thus determined to present it a check out โ€“ the one phrase that I uttered after running with the Exchange server EDB restoration software is solely โ€˜WOWโ€™ because the software became to be a excellent resolution that I took the verdict so as to add my conclusion in regards to the product features right here within the advent itself-

I will be able to say that this software can flip to be a super assist for the customers who’re little recognized concerning the technicalities in the back of the Exchange server and its similar database corruption problems. Let me proportion my evaluate for this product in order that this Silver Rated software can end up to be the golden celebrity for others whilst dealing with the worries associated with the EDB mailbox and its conversion to Live Exchange Server, Office 365, and more than one document codecs.

Exchange Server EDB Recovery Tool- Rich With Features to Resolve Exchange Troubles!

If the question is what makes Exchange Recovery instrument other from many different instrument answers within the on-line marketplace, then the more than one attributes of the software used to be the solution I reached. It helps whole Outlook, MS Exchange and Windows model to make the amenities to be had for higher selection of customers. Listing a few of them:

edb and stm

Recover Exchange EDB and STM information

It Repairs Almost Everything in EDB Mailbox โ€“ Unlike lots of the default choices with the Exchange server to fix and repair the EDB database (ISINTEG and ESEUTIL), Exchange Server EDB Recovery Tool provides a whole resolution for all of the troubles that consumer faces. The problems with the in-built choices to repair EDB file is that the Exchange server stays grimy even after working those instructions as they paintings on restricted problems and likewise it provides a success effects most effective after hours of checking that still for minor corruption reported.

Repairs Priv1.edb
Repairs Pub1.edb
Repairs Pub and Priv STM information additionally

Resolves Almost all of the Error Messages โ€“ After corruption or harm to the Exchange database what consumer get is the mistake message that blocks them from gaining access to the Exchange database and if so what consumer desire a approach to get to the bottom of the the ones error messages and Exchange Recovery software resolves nearly each error message that Exchange server shows as soon as the database is corrupted.

resolves exchange error

exchange export

Recover EDB Data to Multiple File Formats

The most suitable choice throughout the Exchange Server EDB Recovery software is that it recovers EDB mailbox to many document codecs that incorporates EML, MSG, PST, MBOX, HTML, and PDF. Other than this export codecs there’s facility to transform the Exchangeย  mailboxes to Live Exchange Server & O365.

decrypt emails and scan mode option

Decrypt Email and Dual Scanning Facility

If customers emails are encrypted with SMIME or OpenPGP choice they are able to take away it by way of take away encryption choice from Exchange database mailboxes in bulk by means of offering with correct credentials.ย  Entire mailbox knowledge will also be previewed as soon as the scanning of the EDB document is completed. Quick can take away minimum corruption from Exchange database document and the Advance scanning procedure makes it simple for the consumer to get the whole knowledge restoration procedure executed completely even after the hardest corruption problems being reported.

Scan to preview EDB mailbox elements
Scan to recuperate whole EDB mailbox knowledge
Scan to fix hardest corruption problems

naming convention

Naming Convention for EDB to EML and MSG Conversion

For the easiness of database control even after conversion to chose document layout, software give you the approach to identify the document accordingly previous to saving it on the desired location. Naming conference make it simple for the consumer to take care of or switch knowledge in a controlled method.

Name with from, topic and date
Name with topic or date of the emails
Name with choice of knowledge, month or yr

split pst file to smaller units

Split into Smaller Size- Outlook PST document faces the foremost factor of corruption due the oversize of PST document content material, with a purpose to keep away from this bother Exchange Recovery software give you the approach to spilt EDB content material transformed to PST into a large number of document dimension in order that the PST 2GB document dimension problems will also be resolved.

Split and keep away from knowledge loss
Split and make it simple to regulate
Split to switch most well-liked knowledge

export mailbox to exchange server & O365

Export EDB Mailboxes to Exchange & O365

After resolving database corruption Exchange 2010/2013/2016, with this software customers can export the recovered and wholesome mailboxes without delay to reside Exchange Server 2016/2013/2010/2007/2003 mailboxes and Office 365 in a simplified means.

Export EDB Mailboxes to Live Exchange Server in a very simple method
An environment friendly approach to Migrate offline EDB to Office 365

Bringing It All Together

These are one of the vital issues that I famous value sharing throughout the Exchange Server EDB Recovery software. I felt it apt that had given the Silver Rating for the software. And I even have the similar recommendation that Nuno Mota had put forth like: โ€“ A extra detailed record of the EDB restore and conversion procedure concluded shall be a super assist for monitoring the restoration procedure in addition to if the approach to cave in all mailbox whilst appearing preview is added then there is not any different software that may succeed in to the extent of this one in the case of perfection. For me this can be a 5 out of 5 ranking & SysTools Exchange Recovery tool shines Golden for me.

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This weblog will speak about about one of the vital quite common mistakes confronted by means of customers whilst executing Exchange server. These are Exchange server error 451, 452, 471. Let us speak about those mistakes in my opinion and spot the best way to unravel this query.

Exchange Server Error 451

Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 hosted that Edge Transport server function makes use of hosts document to Hub Transport server function for identify answer. But messages from exterior server could also be come serially until Hub Transport server on Edge Transport server. While opening the Queue Viewer the standing will likely be flashed as โ€œ451 4.4.0 DNS Query Failedโ€.


This error typically happens all through sure instances like; when host document of Edge Transport server has been configured with proper entries for Hub shipping server. It happens when Edge shipping server does no longer have configured DNS server.

Root Cause: When Exchange Server 2007 does no longer take a look at the hosts document and in case the Edge Transport server does no longer have DNS server configured.

Solution: This caution message can also be resolved by means of following the underneath discussed steps;

Check the System log for any messages for {hardware} issues. Check the Application log as neatly to study some other issues.
If any {hardware} problems are spotted, resolve it and repair the database in case of any media factor

Exchange Server Error 452

Exchange server error 452 happens whilst convalescing the database and signifies that on-line database restoration is not on time because of lacking log document in brief folder. This log document is very essential to get better the database and when they don’t seem to be to be had, error is generated.


Root Cause: There can also be a number of causes for missing log files;

Temporary folder does no longer have the log document as laid out in MS Windows backup program within the brief location.
A {hardware} failure broken or led to lack of the log recordsdata.
The error 454 is generated whilst repairing the mailbox database sing Eseutil/p. Error obviously implies that the repair can’t be taken position as log document isn’t to be had.

Solution: You can carry out following treatments to unravel this mistake;

Check if the log recordsdata are moved or deleted. If the recordsdata are handiest moved from one location to every other, you’ll be able to transfer them again to apt trail. If the recordsdata had been deleted, you’ll be able to attempt to repair them from backup. The document will likely be specified within the match message.
Once the recordsdata are relocated or restored, run Eseutil/cc or Eseutil/cc/t specifying every other location for essential logs. Afterwards you’ll be able to mount the database.
You too can repair the entire database from the backup or run Isinteg-fix using Move Mailbox to transport the knowledge to new clean database.

Exchange Server Error 471

When Exchange server is surrounded with problems the place it’s not able to roll again operation on database and the long run updates for the database will likely be rejected. Unless and till this downside is resolved no updates can also be made within the database.


Root Cause: Few error codes generated with the 471 match identification are discussed underneath that are frequently came about.

Error -510 (0xfffffe02)JET_errLogWriteFail: When server tries to write down to the logfile, the try is failed and this mistake is generated. It can also be led to because of permission problems, area issues, and many others.
Error -1022(0xfffffc02)JET_errDiskIO: This is a Disk IO error which is led to when disk I/O factor stops Exchange server from having access to asked web page in database.

Solution: Users can in finding the explanations at the back of permissions problems and different problems and too can run the chkdsk/f/r.

Bringing It All Together

Now customers have detailed details about those mistakes and approach to unravel Exchange Server error 451, 452, 471 by means of the use of the answer equipped on this write-up. In case in case your Exchange database document critically broken or corrupted then you’ll be able to use the automatic wizard equipped by means of SysTools i.e. Exchange Server Recovery Software that gives twin scanning mode choice which simply resolves the database corruption Exchange 2010 / 2013 / 2016 without a knowledge loss. Users can use the Quick and Advance scan that eliminates Exchange database corruption and repair EDB file without a knowledge loss in a bother highway.

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Follow the stairs beneath to attach AV Voice Changer Software Diamond 9.5 (VCSD 9.5) to Skype ahead of you’ll be able to alternate your voice, in real-time, for Skype voice/video calls

On VCSD 9.5 primary panel, click onย Preferences to open the VCS Preferences window.

Open VCS Preferences window

In the Preferences window, we’ll alternate Hook mode to Virtual Audio Driver mode.

  • Checkย Virtual motive force Mode (1).
  • Click theย OK button (2) to use the brand new settings and shut theย Preferences window.
  • Go to VCSD 9.5 primary panel, make a selection the morphing results and make changes till you might be glad with the vocal output. There are a number of techniques to modify your voice, together with voice morphing and audio results.
  • You must learn this information for extra in-depth data: How to make use of Voice Morpher in VCSD 9.5.
  • Remember to take a look at our Add-on retailer to obtain new and funky audio impact packs, up to date steadily.

Note: Remember to make a choice the packs used for VCSD 9.5 simplest. The different ones which implemented for different merchandise can’t be used for VCSD 9.5.

Launch Skype. In Skype’s primary interface, in finding More button (1) at the left column ยป Choose Settings (2)

Skype's Settings

When Settings window opens, choose Audio & Video (3) class.

In Audio phase, make a selection Microphone (Avsoft Virtual Audio Device) (4) because the microphone enter. From now on, Skype gets output sign from VCSD 9.5 and your voice will likely be auto morphed.

Note: Select Make a unfastened take a look at name (*) to make use of Skype’s trying out provider and take a look at the results of the brand new adjustments.

Skype's Audio Settings

Start voice dialog with Skype. The morphed voice will likely be implemented robotically.

Note: While VCSD 9.5’s Virtual Audio Driver is being set because the audio motive force for Skype, do NOT flip off VCSD 9.5 when doing voice chat. If you donโ€™t wish to use VCSD 9.5, alternate the audio settings of Skype again to standard audio supply.

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We might be discussing concerning the best 3 obstructions confronted whilst mounting dismounted database again on Server. As some distance as the answer for that is involved; each and every lock comes with a key and we’ve supplied with a key each and every for his or her respective locks. Unlock Exchange database mounting problems with best fixtures recommended.

Exchange Server database mounting is a process to attach offline EDB report with are living server. A database isn’t all the time hooked up with the Server it may be able to be in cached mode or dismounted on objective. Database mounting is most often required after the execution of a Planned Downtime.

In instances the place Server repairs or up-gradation is foreseen by means of Exchange Administrators; they practice out a Planned Downtime. And because the downtime is purposely deliberate, the database is dismounted or disconnected from the Server to steer clear of any mishap.

The Top Exchange Database Mounting Issues and Fixtures
#1 โ€“ Hardware Associated Issue


In the method of mounting EDB if tournament ID 474 is encountered in tournament logs, it signifies in opposition to corruption of the database. The Event ID would most definitely be accompanied by means of an outline in regards to the identical appearing failure of bytes verification on account of mismatch of web page checksum. Basically the variation in anticipated checksum and resultant checksum ends up in the prevalence of learn operation failure.


An up to date backup of the database will have to be to be had with the consumer.

Fixture To The Problem:

If you think the problem to be related to {hardware} failure on disk stage then, information recovery from its backup needs to be achieved after getting reformatted the offending exhausting disk to regain database with out continuance of the problem. And in case you wish to have continuity of verbal exchange for the customers by the use of their respective mailboxes when you are eliminating the issue; briefly transfer the ones mailboxes to some other server.

NOTE: Transaction of unpolluted emails will also be performed and get entry to to outdated messages wouldnโ€™t be imaginable on this case.

#2 โ€“ Modified Service Permissions For Active Directory

It is imaginable that the Information Store is time and again failing to mount your database for the reason that device account is no longer having Read Rights to the Information Store. Possible reasons may well be elimination of device from Domain Server team or any form of adjustments being achieved to the Server permissions i.e. both specific deny is assigned or inherited rights are got rid of.

Meanwhile, the major reason for any such scenario to happen is in particular suspected to be non life of server object on Active Directory.


An tournament quantity 7024 might be noticed in conjunction with a message representing termination of data retailer services and products with an error quantity.

Fixture To The Problem:

Firstly, in DomainPrep mode run the Exchange Setup or you have to additionally run ADS Edit instrument to make sure the life of particular an important gadgets like; CN=AdminGroupName, CN=Services, CN=InformationStore, CN=Servers, and so on. Occurrence of equivalent issues is predictable because of the elimination of Security Principals container. Use of ADSI Edit instrument is recommended if so.

#3 โ€“ Exchange Server Has Inadequate Rights

Exchange database mounting comes throughout yet one more best factor which is faced because of alterations achieved in SeSecurityPrivilege. In this example; any of the next messages may well be gained:

Event 1005

โ€œUnexpected error. An unknown error has occurred. ID no: 80040a01 Microsoft Exchange System Attendant occurred.โ€

Event 1029

โ€œFailed to replicate the security descriptor to the metabase. Users may not be able to read or write data to the metabase. Error code is 8000500d.โ€

Event 1121

โ€œError 0x80004005 connecting to the Microsoft Active Directory.โ€

Fixture To The Problem:

On the preliminary set up of Exchange inside a Domain or on working Exchange setup in Domain Prep mode; Exchange Enterprise Server team will get assigned with SecurityPrivilege proper. Removal of this proper can result in malfunctioning of Exchange Server when it’s restarted or when refresh period of the safety expired. Assign required permissions manually or run Exchange Server in Domain Prep mode to mend this factor surfaced whilst mounting database.

Other Way Out

Other than making use of particular fixtures to each and every downside, you have to higher opt for industrial answers as those problems associated with database mounting failure most commonly occur to happen because of corruption of EDB. SysTools Exchange Recovery tool may well be regarded as because the instrument to triumph over such certainties by the use of restore procedure.

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This automatic software supplies twin scanning possibility i.e. (Quick and Advance scan) which simply recovers & fix Exchange database corruption. If customers EDB report is minimally corrupted then they are able to use Quick scan to recuperate it and for primary corruption use the Advance scan to repair EDB file and mailboxes.

Users can extract mailbox from EDB file Exchange 2016/2013 and export immediately to the Live Exchange Server mailboxes, Office 365 and PST, EML, HTML, PDF, MSG, MBOX report structure after restoration in a simplified approach.

Key Features Of Automated Software

Support pub.edb and priv.edb report
Preview Exchange mailbox pieces earlier than conversion
Preserve precise folder construction and stay metadata intact
Date filter out possibility export EDB mailbox information merchandise in a specified time period
Remove (SMIME/OpenPGP) e-mail encryption from Exchange mailboxes in batch
Export selective mailbox merchandise by the use of classes filter out possibility
Compatible with all Exchange Server, Microsoft Outlook and Windows OS model

Bringing It All Together

Now customers know more than a few Exchange database mounting problems and way to repair it. In case if the Exchange database report is critically corrupted then they are able to use the complicated tool described within the above segment which simply resolves the database corruption Exchange 2010 / 2013 / 2016, recovers & repair Exchange mailbox and EDB report routinely with out the use of any command with out a information loss.

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Exchange EDB File Too Big

Microsoft presented Exchange Server in 1993. EDB information got here into life, with the advent of Exchange server. The maximum commonplace factor raised through the numerous customers is Exchange EDB report too giant and calls for compression. In this weblog,strategy to to scale back edb report measurement alternate 2003, 2007, 2010 & 2013 ย has been mentioned and defined.

What Is An EDB File?

EDB stands for Exchange Database report. It is the primary repository of Exchange Server database for mailbox information. It comprises all information elements like electronic mail, messages, attachments, folders, and so on. These information are formatted the usage of the b-tree construction which gives fast get right of entry to to many pages directly. Each EDB report has a corresponding STM report that incorporates the true SMTP messages.

Why Exchange EDB report Too giant?

The Exchange EDB information will routinely develop in measurement as the knowledge inside the EDB information will will increase. However, the EDB information won’t ever compress if the knowledge is got rid of from them.

Suppose the dimensions of EDB report is 15 GB and we delete 5 GB mailbox or transfer it to some other database, the dimensions of EDB report will stay 15 GB. However, 5GB white house will probably be created within the database and that house will probably be to be had for the brand new information to be written with out expanding the report measurement. You can apply the under steps to scale back edb report measurement alternate 2003, 2007, 2010 & 2013.

Solution: How to Fix Exchange EDB File Too Big?

If your question is .edb File measurement has grown too massive. My server is sort of out of house. You can check out following the way to reclaim the gap.

Create a brand new Mailbox database and transfer the knowledge from Old Mailbox to New Mailbox.
Shrink the Database report through appearing Offline defrag.
Move the positioning of the Mailbox Database.

There are some dangers within the technique of Mailbox migration.It will generate a big transaction log and will take a number of days to finish the method. In this weblog, we’re about to provide an explanation for the stairs to defrag the database through the usage of Eseutil and to transport the positioning of a Mailbox database.

Defrag the Exchange Mailbox Database through the usage of Eseutil

Determining unfastened White Space

You can decide the dimensions of the mailbox and to be had white house through executing following command in Exchange Management Shell.

Exchange Management Shell

For instance the dimensions of the database named as DB2 is 776.1 MB and it has 330.9 MB white house. You can reclaim that white house through shrinking the report the usage of Eseutil to defrag the mailbox database of Exchange 2003 , 2007.


In order to defrag Exchange Mailbox database through the usage of Eseutil, the database will have to be dismount on the time of defragment. It method customers can’t get right of entry to their electronic mail when you’re defragging it.
A brand new report is created right through the defrag procedure and the outdated report, new report and a short lived report this is generated through Eseutil will exists. So you wish to have some disk house for those report to accomplish defragmentation. If you donโ€™t have unfastened disk house then you’ll specify a special transient location whilst working Eseutil.


You can run following command on Exchange Management Shell to navigate and dismount the Mailbox database. Since the Mailbox database will have to be briefly Dismount earlier than defragging the database.

Dismount the Mailbox Database

You too can dismount the database through Exchange Management Console. For that, make a choice the Mailbox you wish to have to transport, Right click on on it after which click on on Dismount Database.

Exchange Management Console

Now run the Eseutil to defrag the EDB report of Exchange 2003 , 2007.


Mount the database through working following command.

Mount the Database

Now you’ll test the database measurement and to be had white house of decided on mailbox database. You can see the effects that report measurement is small and the white house is long past.
As the Eseutil is done, run the entire backup of the database.

Move the Database through Using Exchange Management Console


Open the Exchange Management Console, in Organization Configuration make a choice Mailbox of Exchange 2010.
Select the Mailbox you wish to have to transport, Right click on on it after which click on on Move Database Path.

Open the Exchange Management Console

As you click on on Move Database trail, Move Database Path window will seem the place you’ll input the brand new trail for the knowledge and log information. After converting the trail of EDB information, click on on Move which is able to mean you can to scale back edb report measurement Exchange 2010.

Move Database path

As you click on on Move, Microsoft Exchange 2010 window will seem informing you that database will have to be briefly dismounted to accomplish the Move Database operation. You want to click on on Yes to proceed.

Microsoft Exchange window

The transfer operation will take a while relying at the measurement of the Mailbox. When the Move operation will entire, you’ll see the final touch data. Now, click on on end to near the Wizard.

Click on Finish

Note: User can use handbook way to transfer the EDB information but those strategies aren’t all the resolution. They aren’t useful if there may be any corruption within the EDB report. We desire a third-party software when it comes to corruption of the Exchange database report.

Use Best Third-Party Software

SysTools Exchange Server Recovery Software is likely one of the very best equipment that recover corrupted EDB files andย repair Exchange mailbox from corruption and not using a information loss in a trouble highway. It supplies Quick and Advance scan choice that recovers & fix Exchange database corruption and repair EDB file. Depending at the stage of corrupted Exchange EDB report customers can make a choice the scan mode choice to take away corruption from Exchange database report.

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This software simply a lot any measurement of .edb report and gives quite a lot of export choices which permit customers to export the more than one Exchange database report and mailboxes in a trouble free-way.ย  It helps quite a lot of Exchange mailboxes reminiscent of: customers, archive, shared, legacy, disconnected and knowledge pieces: mails, notes, journals, duties, calendars, contacts.

The software is succesful to extract mailboxย  from EDB file Exchange 2016, 2013 and export at once to the Live Exchange Server mailboxes, Office 365 and more than one report codecs (PST, EML, HTML, MSG, PDF, MBOX). This tool reinforce each non-public and pubic EDB & STM report and customers can export those information concurrently to the chosen export choice in a simplified way.

Move Exchange 2013 Database the usage of EAC

EAC (Exchange Admin Center ) is a internet based totally/on-line control console for Exchange 2013. It helps emigrate mailbox simply & different products and services like putting in place insurance policies for OWA, a company of public folders and so on. Migration will lend a hand customers to scale back edb report measurement Exchange 2013 for the mailboxes which are too massive in measurement.For this you wish to have to accomplish following steps:

Open Exchange Admin Center

Choose Mailbox Tab & Select the desired mailbox
Right Click & Select Exportย to select a recipient for sending notification for process final touch.
Click Next >> Finish


We will counsel you to make use of complex tool that simply exports any measurement of Exchange database report and recuperate your EDB information from corruption. This software is a whole resolution that has nice potency to get to the bottom of database corruption Exchange 2010/2013/2016 with complete information safety. If your Exchange EDB report too giant, you’ll load and convert your Exchange database information to PST and likewise recuperate your information that has been misplaced because of corruption. You can obtain EDB to PST converter software unfastened model and after verifying the tool you’ll acquire the entire model of the tool from its reliable website online.

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This write-up will permit customers to get to the bottom of the Exchange grimy shutdown error by means of the usage of Exchange Extensible Storage Engine Utilities (ESEUTIL) instrument.

For Exchange Server to begin up easily, it is important that its database is close down correctly. For this, it must be ensured that database is โ€œdetachedโ€ to the transaction log information (approach the knowledge in transaction log is dedicated to the database information). At the time when Exchange Server is began, this situation is looked at and the lacking knowledge within the database information is then dedicated mechanically with the assistance of to be had log information.

If the database is indifferent from the transaction log information, Exchange Server does no longer require the former log information to begin up. The log information end up to be a super asset when an older model of database must be restored. It is precisely really useful to not completely delete any log report till it’s ensured that older model of database isnโ€™t had to be replayed.

Transaction log lines each minute and primary exchange carried out in Exchange database. The knowledge or data that must be added to the person mailbox is first registered in log information and then it’s written into the database.The dimension of a log report is fastened and when the transaction log is complete, a brand new one is created. The numbering of log report in a chain is helping the person to needless to say a brand new log is generated.

To take a look at if a database is correctly indifferent; test whether it is in blank shutdown state or grimy shutdown state. To read about the state worth of Exchange database, observe the stairs discussed beneath:

Click at the โ€˜Startโ€™ button and within the run textbox, input โ€˜cmdโ€™ and hit input.

For Public Folders, sort the command:

public folder state

For Private Folders, sort the command:

private folders state

Here it’s assumed that Exchange Server is put in at: โ€˜c:program filesexchsrvr folderโ€™ and the database is stored at โ€˜c:program filesexchsrvrmdbdata folderโ€™.

If the State=Clean Shutdown, it implies that the database is accurately indifferent.

clean shutdown

Database State: Clean Shutdown

If the State=Dirty Shutdown, it approach there are transactions which can be awaited to dedicated to the database.

dirty shutdown

Database State: Dirty Shutdown

What is Dirty System Shutdown?

The Exchange Server database is according to JET engine the place log information is accountable to stay a monitor of enter and output operations within the database report. ESE makes use of the concept that of mailbox database cache as a way to scale back the input-output operation rely.

When an operation is loaded to the cached reminiscence and it isn’t dedicated to the ideas retailer, the JET engine marks it as DIRTY. Until the pending transaction is dedicated to the database, it isn’t regarded as as up to date and until the time grimy pages are there within the database, it is regarded as as inconsistent.

Until the transaction may have finished, if the gadget shuts down accidently, the database stay hooked up to the log report because of which DIRTY SYSTEM SHUTDOWN error is gained on display.

Error Messages You Might Receive Due to Exchange Dirty Shutdown Error
error 550

Error 550

error 528

Error 528

dirty shutdown error

Dirty Shutdown Error

How to Fix Dirty Shutdown Error?

1)ย ย ย  When LOG Files are in Clean State

This drawback will also be resolved by means of appearing soft recovery Exchange 2016/2013/2010 database by which the transaction log is replayed when it’s re-mounted because of surprising prevent.

This will also be carried out the usage of Exchange Storage Engine Utility (popularly referred to as ESEUTIL) which is an executable report to accomplish restore, integrity test, defragmentation and different operations on Exchange database whilst it’s offline. For comfortable restoration of database, it must be ensured that required log information don’t seem to be broken. To take a look at this, sort โ€œEseutil /ml โ€œPath of the log fileslog prefixโ€ in command urged.

log file state

Log File State

The syntax for comfortable restoration is:

soft recovery

Soft Recovery Syntax



soft recovery process

Soft Recovery Process

2)ย ย ย When Log Files are Missing

When the log information don’t seem to be in blank state, grimy gadget shutdown mistakes will also be fastened with arduous restoration of database. It is very similar to comfortable restoration with the one distinction that the transaction log is replayed by means of restoring database from on-line backup.

If a legitimate backup is to be had, repair database ย information (.edb and .stm) and transaction logs. When the recovery procedure is whole, a report named โ€˜restore.envโ€™ gets created at brief folder โ€˜C:Tempโ€™.

restored data



It is really useful to keep a copy of folder containing log information and repair.env folder as all through arduous restoration, there are probabilities that some knowledge would possibly get misplaced.ย ย 


Folder Copy

For arduous restore, run the next command: โ€˜Eseutil /cc โ€œPath of the restore.env containing folderโ€™

hard recovery

Hard Repair

hard recovery result

Hard Repair Process

Now cross to the folder the place repair.env folder used to be stored. You will in finding that it’s empty.

after hard recovery

Post Hard Repair

3) ย ย When there is not any Valid Backup

If log information don’t seem to be to be had and no legitimate backup is to be had, then within the command urged, input following restoration syntax: eseutil /p <database_name>

syntax without backup

For No Valid Backup

Following message might be caused on display, click on OK


And the restoration procedure gets began:

recovery without backup

When restoration is whole, once more run mh transfer to test the consistency of database. It must be Clean Shutdown. After this, defragment the database.

ย Perform Offline Defragmentation the usage of Eseutilย 

Offline defragmentation arranges the database on Server, gets rid of the unused pages thereby lowering the disk house. A brand new database is created that incorporates of the previous knowledge unfastened from unused pages. The database thus created is compacted and is helping to regulate the dis house.

Eseutil/d command is used to defrag Exchange mailbox database and the syntax is โ€˜eseutil /d Database_Nameโ€™


Defragmentation Syntax


Additional Information


Checkpoint File: To stay a monitor of what database has no longer been written to the database, Exchange Server maintains EDB.chkย  (checkpoint) report. At the time of restoration after any failure, it signifies the log report level from the place the restoration must get started.

Restore.env Folder: Similar to the checkpoint report, this folder defines the variability of transaction logs that are supposed to be found in brief folder for database restoration.

Bringing It All Together

The procedure shared above to convey inconsistent Exchange database into constant state exemplifies complexity by means of ESEutil. A easy process to mend grimy shutdown error will also be followed via SysTools Exchange Recovery software. The resolution has specialization to get better and service corrupted offline/dismounted Exchange database information. Users can use this instrument to get better & repair EDB file and mailboxes from corruption and export at once to the to the Live Exchange Server, Office 365 and more than one report structure.

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exchange-database recovery

When the Exchange database EDB file gets corrupt then the Eseutil tool, which is an inbuilt utility comes to the rescue of all Exchange administrators. This is because once the database .edb file gets restored the mailboxes data items stored within them can also be fixed. The tool can certainly be used in case of corruption issues, be it soft or hard database restoration. However, some tips to fixย Exchange database corruption using Eseutil command or tool needs to be employed for successful restoration. Therefore, this blog goes into the process details of those tips that are necessary for fixationย of mailboxes data from the damaged EDB file of any Exchange database.

Know What Eseutil Exchange Is

Eseutil.exe is restorationย utility which is built-in the server. The storage location of the command-line tool is โ€“ C:Program FilesExchsrvrBin directory. It understands the organization of Exchange databases and also the blocks of data. It has the capability to repair, check and also compress the Exchange database files.

It also comprehends the internal hierarchy of databases, indexes, tables and records; but what it does not recognize is the Exchange data that are stored in the tables and records of the .edb file. In short, it can be defined as a database tool for database file errors.

But before making use of Eseutil tools there are several things that need to be done. They are mentioned in the section below and hopefully this blog shall serve as: โ€˜Tips to Fixย Exchange database corruption using Eseutil command or tool for all readers.

Pre-Requisites before Using Eseutil Utility

The user should log in as an Exchange administrator.
The running or inaccessible EDB database should be copied in a backup folder.
The EDB database should be dismounted from the Exchange server.
Some space in the disk should be cleared by moving undesirable files/ folders into a portable device.
The hard disk must be checked for bad sectors with CHKDSK utility.
The database must be dismounted from the Exchange server. This is because Eseutil is functional only on offline EDB files.
Both EDB and STM files should be present.

Note โ€“ Alternatively, users can run Eseutil.exe from the DOS command prompt also and the below-mentioned steps needs to be followed for that.

Click on Windows Start>Run
In the Run box, type โ€˜cmdโ€™ and press the tab โ€˜OKโ€™.
Go to C:Program FilesExchsrvrBin directory which is the default location of Eseutil tool.
At the end, type โ€˜Eseutil.exeโ€™ in command line

Common Command-Line Options for Eseutil

There are number of switches that exist with ESEUTIL tool and should be utilized at several stages for the fixingย of physical structure of EDB files. All the switches are explained here in this section.


It displays Eseutil options.

This switch can be used to perform offline defrag Exchange mailbox database or compaction of the selected database.

It can be used to perform forced soft restorationย and bring the specified database into a consistent state.

It is used to perform an integrity check of the selected database.

It performs a checksum test of all pages of the database.

It is used for repair of damaged database files. However, data loss may occur.

It performs header dump of database files, log files and also checkpoint file.

It can be used to copy large files like database, mailbox in an efficient manner with high performance.

It performs hard restoration of database during an online backup.

Comment โ€“ From the above table it is clear that Eseutil.exe utility contains two repair switches that are โ€œ/rโ€ and โ€œpโ€. Eseutil /r command is used for soft fixingย of the Exchange server database but when .edb files are severely damaged, then the command Eseutil /p shall have to be used. However, other switches and the order in which they are used in the restoration process, is equally important.

When Can Eseutil Utility Be Used?

If there is any corruption in the physical structure of the database files, then the Eseutil tool can be used to fix different errors such as checksum error, invalid pointer, invalid page number, etc. The steps that should be followed are as follows:

A backup copy of the corrupted database should be made.
Eseutil/ d command should be run first on the database.

Note โ€“ This step is recommended when corruption exists in the white space of the database file. This is because the white space gets discarded on defragmentation.

Eseutil/ p should be run on the database for complete repair.
Again the command Eseutil/ d should be run on the database.

To check if the physical structure of the database has been repaired successfully or not the following steps should be executed.

The database should be mounted and then dismounted.
Consistency of the database should be checked. To do this, Eseutil/ mh should be run to dump the database headers and check if the database state is Clean Shutdown.
Again Eseutil/ K should be executed on the database to check if there is any page-level error.

Note โ€“ Output of successful repair indicates that there are zero bad checksums and zero wrong page numbers. These are the tips to fixย Exchange database corruption using Eseutil command or tool that can be utilized by administrators.

When Can Eseutil Tool Fail?

It should also be noted that Eseutil needs STM, steaming media files as well as EDB files of the database for proper functioning. So, if all Exchange users make use of MS Outlook or Outlook Express desktop client, then there are fewer chances that the Information Store of the database will have .stm file along with EDB and Transaction Log files.

At such times the tool may fail to fixย the database. In many other situations like logical corruption issues, it is possible that the tool might fail. However, if any POP3 desktop client such as Windows Live is configured with the Exchange then itโ€™s Information Store shall definitely contain STM file together with EDB and Eseutil may prove to be successful.

Conclusion โ€“ What if Eseutil Fails!

If the Eseutil utility fails to fix Exchange database corruption, then an external third party tool can be investigated. In case of uncertainty, a solution named Exchange Recovery Tool can be used to resolve database corruption Exchange 2010/2013/2016, recover & repair EDB file automatically without using any command. It is designed to fix both EDB and STM files from major and minor corruption. Moreover, it works on all versions of the Exchange server and its execution is quite easy. So, it can be used as a replacement and alternative to the Eseutil repair utility.

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The main difference between WEB based email clients and desktop clients are that desktop clients will be available for anytime access whereas WEB based client accessibility totally depends upon the speed and availability of internet connection.

Most of the users find it tough to deal with the situation when they face the Gmail loading problem.

Gmail loading problem

Somehow if the user succeeds to Login into its Gmail account, then also there can be trouble which will be showing the status of action initiated as โ€˜Loadingโ€™ or โ€˜Still Workingโ€™, which really cause the dilemma of neither allowing user to access emails nor view them.

Gmail loading issue

Users who depend upon Gmail data for communication and 24ร—7 updates find it really messy and call for an alternative solution to face the Gmail account login related issues.

How to Deal With Gmail Loading Problem?

Gmail to Outlook

If your Gmail account goes stuck and irritates you whenever you are in a hurry to access emails, then the alternate option is to get a desktop email client and Microsoftยฎ Outlook stands first for this concern.

MS Outlook stores its data in PST file format and it will be anytime accessible from the machine where Outlook account is been configured. Once configured you donโ€™t require an internet connection to read emails.

So, if you face too internet connection issue, then itโ€™s best to opt for MS Outlook and access your emails in it.

Steps to Sync Gmail Account With MS Outlook

Open your Gmail account and click on Gear icon >> Select all Settings
Then navigate to Forwarding and POP/IMAP >> from IMAP access, select Enable IMAP >> Save Changes.
Open MS Outlook application on desktop and visit File tab and then use Add Account option
In the Add Account option, enter the Gmail account Id and Password and hit start button to initiate synchronization.
Once the synchronization is finished, you can start accessing your emails in MS Outlook

How the Toolย Help You!

Reports are there that the in most of the countries around the world, Government is going to ban Gmail accounts for official communication and data sharing. The screwed privacy policy and feasibility to access data without any restriction anywhere make the legal bodies rethink the decision of using Gmail account for crucial office.

Now if the government ban Gmail application and force employees to depend on some other secured email account for official communication then the entire data from Gmail can go for a toss.

To avoid this situation, Gmail email backup tool can help you to export Gmail emails to PST, EML, MBOX, PDF, and MSG format.

By converting emails to EML, PST or MSG format help user to access those emails under many of the desktop clients including Windows Live Mail, Outlook, Thunderbird. Not only emails but also the contacts stored in Gmail can be downloaded it to vCard VCF format which can help user to access Gmail contacts in any smartphones, many email clients as well as multiple platforms even without internet connection.

Why Do We Care

The issue of the Gmail loading problem is faced by many users either due to connection problems and server issues. In such cases, a Gmail user unable to access their account emails for such duration. So, to continue accessing emails, it is recommended to use your Gmail account in MS Outlook.

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